|OVERVIEW||Bulgaria’s Personal Data Protection Act implements the Directive 95/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 October 1995 on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data (the EU data protection directive). The Act came into force on 1 January 2002.|
|GENERAL PRIVACY LAWS||
Article 32 of the Bulgarian Constitution provides that the privacy of citizens shall be “inviolable” and that everyone is entitled to protection against any illegal interference in his private or family affairs.
Article 1 of the Personal Data Protection Act states that the Act is intended to guarantee the inviolability of individuals and their privacy.
|PERSONAL DATA PROTECTION LAWS AND REGULATIONS||Law on Personal Data Protection|
|TYPE OF DATA PROTECTED||Personal Data which means any information relating to a natural person, which reveals his physical, psychological, mental, family, economic, cultural or social identity.|
|WORKPLACE PRIVACY LAWS||Neither the Personal Data Protection Act nor the Bulgarian Labor Code provide for personal data protection in the workplace. Additionally, Bulgaria currently has no legislation related to workplace monitoring.|
|TRANSBORDER TRANSFERS||Law on Personal Data Protection complies with the EU Personal Data Directive.|
|FINES AND SANCTIONS||
The Personal Data Protection Act provides the data subject with the right to appeal to the Commission for Personal Data Protection within 30 days from the data when he has become aware of the infringement but not later than one year from the data when such an infringement has taken place. The Commission then has 30 days to issue an opinion and set a time limit to remedy the infringement or to impose an administrative penalty. Once the Commission has issued its opinion, the data subject has 14 days from its receipt to appeal to the supreme Administrative Court.
Sanctions may be imposed for breaches of the Personal Data Protection Act. The sanctions vary depending upon the violation and who commits it:
|OTHER PRIVACY LAWS AND REGULATIONS||