|OVERVIEW||The Personal Data Protection Act 101 of April 4, 2000 on the Protection of Personal Data governs the processing and use of personal information in the Czech Republic.|
|GENERAL PRIVACY LAWS||The 1993 Charter of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms provides for extensive privacy rights for individuals.|
|PERSONAL DATA PROTECTION LAWS AND REGULATIONS||The On Personal Data Protection Act implements the EU Data Protection Directive.|
|TYPE OF DATA PROTECTED||Personal Data.|
|WORKPLACE PRIVACY LAWS||
See Position No. 1/2003 in which the Data Protection Authority issued an opinion on the workplace monitoring of emails.
The Data Protection Office issued a legal opinion finding employers' reading of the content of employee's email to be illegal. However, the Office allowed monitoring the titles of employees' email correspondence. Scholars and practitioners broadly discussed this issue. The Electronic Communications Act of 2005 stipulates that the location and ownership of electronic equipment cannot compromise an individual’s right to confidentiality in communications. However, little debate has occurred to date as to the precise line between an employee’s right to privacy and an employer’s authority and economic interests.
|TRANSBORDER TRANSFERS||Article 27 et seq. of the On Personal Data Protection Act requires a data controller to register the processing of personal data prior to transfer to a third country.|
|FINES AND SANCTIONS||The Office for Personal Data Protection enforces the data protection and privacy laws.|
|OTHER PRIVACY LAWS AND REGULATIONS||
Article 27et seq. of the On Personal Data Protection Act requires a data controller to register the processing of personal data.
Act 21 - 1992 On Banks imposes obligations of secrecy upon all that come into possession of customer financial data as part of their employment with the bank.