|OVERVIEW||Privacy is considered to be a fundamental freedom in Latvia.|
|GENERAL PRIVACY LAWS||Article 96 of the Latvian Constitution established a fundamental human right to privacy: "Everyone has the right to inviolability of their private life, home and correspondence." All laws protecting privacy apply to citizens and noncitizens equally.|
|PERSONAL DATA PROTECTION LAWS AND REGULATIONS||
The Law on Personal Data Protection was adopted by the Parliament on March 23, 2000, and came into force in January 2001.
The Act sets forth eight principles to ensure the protection of personal information.
|TYPE OF DATA PROTECTED||Personal Data.|
|WORKPLACE PRIVACY LAWS||In 2005, the Inspectorate prepared Recommendations on personal data protection in the workplace. The handbook is for employers and employees, and it explains what personal data may be processed by employers and whether they must inform their employees about the data processing performed.|
Complies with the requirements of the EU Data Protection Directive.
The Data Protection Act contains restrictions on the transfer of personal data to third countries outside of the European Economic Area (EEA). Personal data can be transferred to another country only if that country ensures the level of data protection that corresponds to the level of data protection in Latvia.
|FINES AND SANCTIONS||The Data State Inspectorate has the right to impose administrative fines or issue warnings for violations of the Data Protection Act. Additionally, criminal liability is possible. The criminal law imposes sanctions of up to five years imprisonment or forced labor.|
|OTHER PRIVACY LAWS AND REGULATIONS||
Pursuant to Section 26 of the Personal Data Protection Law, Latvia Cabinet of Ministers Regulations No. 40, 30 January 2001, issued Obligatory Technical and Organizational Requirements for Protection of Personal Data Systems (Regulation No. 40). Regulation No. 40(3) lists the obligatory technical protection and organizational requirements for protection of personal data processing systems.
Latvia has a number of laws regulating different aspects of financial transactions. Article 33 of the Law On the Bank of Latvia prohibits bank employees from disclosing “confidential information that has become known to them as a consequence of their service or function to any person not qualified to have knowledge thereof. This confidentiality obligation shall be in effect also after the expiry of the term of office or the termination of employment relationship.”