|Privacy Protection Act|
|CITATION||42 U.S.C. § 2000aa et seq.|
|SUMMARY||The PPA protects journalists from being required to turn over to law enforcement any work product and documentary materials, including sources, before it is disseminated to the public. Journalists who most need the protection of the PPA are those that are working on stories that are highly controversial or about criminal acts because the information gathered may also be useful for law enforcement. For instance, a criminal suspect may talk openly to a journalist who promises not to print her name, but will not go to law enforcement for fear of arrest. While law enforcement would like to obtain this type of information from a journalist, the PPA protects the journalist's freedom to publish such information under the First Amendment without government intrusion.|
“Work product” materials possessed by a person reasonably believed to have a purpose to disseminate to the public a newspaper, book, broadcast, or other similar form of public communication, in or affecting interstate or foreign commerce.
Work Product includes materials that were created to convey a message, such as notes, drafts and film and video, audio and digital records.
|PENALTIES||An individual that has his/her rights violated by a search for or seizure of materials has a civil cause of action for damages from such search or seizure by the United States and against an officer or employee of a state. The defendants have a defense if he or she has a reasonable good faith belief in the lawfulness of his conduct.|