How To Prevent Ransomware Attacks: An Essential Guide

The Internet has changed the world by giving unlimited access to information and global connections. The government, educational institutions, and businesses depend on the web to carry out their daily functions.

Unfortunately, the web is not entirely safe. Security threats are the dangerous side of the Internet. They can lower productivity and damage the reputation of affected organizations. While some cyberattacks are subtle attempts to steal data, there are ransomware attacks that take money from an organization or an individual.

What is ransomware?

There are several types of ransomware, but the pattern is the same. Attackers manage to install a malicious program onto a computer or network server. In most cases, this program encrypts some or all of the data on the system. With encrypted data, the organization cannot carry out essential functions. The attackers then demand a ransom, usually in cryptocurrency like Bitcoin, to ensure anonymity. If the organization pays the ransom, the criminals send a decryption key that frees the data.

A newer variation on this theme includes the threat of wiping away the data. Another variation involves threatening to release sensitive data. These tactics put time pressure on the organization or individual so that they are more likely to pay the fee.